by Lindsay Sheehan
Gluten – which means “glue” in Latin – is a family of proteins found in cereal grains like wheat, rye, and barley. It is created when two cereal proteins, glutenin, and gliadin, join together. This bond is what makes dough elastic, allows baked goods to rise, and gives bread its chewy texture.
Although gluten is one of the most widely consumed proteins around the world, and humans have been eating wheat (and gluten) for at least 10,000 years, the rate of gluten-related disorders has quadrupled since 1950. And, as of yet, no one can explain with certainty why we are seeing a sudden rise of sensitivities to gluten-based foods.
To say that gluten is a complex and controversial topic is a huge understatement. Depending on...