Bruising is your body’s natural response to injury. The tiny blood vessels located just under the skin can be damaged by even small impacts, leaving trapped blood under your skin. Eventually, your body reabsorbs the blood as the injury heals.
In the meantime, you will notice a colored patch that’s tender to touch. Fortunately, you can use the following home remedies to minimize, heal and prevent the appearance of bruises.
Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation
R.I.C.E for short, this tactic is often recommended for people recovering from surgery. The actions help by temporarily reducing blood flow to injured areas, helping prevent some bruising and swelling.
Elevating, resting in a particular area, applying ice for 20 minutes an hour and usage of a light compression bandage helps to decrease blood flow as well as inflammation. Following RICE immediately after an injury and through the healing process will also help reduce pain. For blood blisters, you can use simple guides, such as the blood blister guide by Health Sumo, to alleviate discomfort.
Also known as arnica, this herb is very popular for the treatment of bruising and pain. Compounds in the herb contain anti-inflammatory properties that are absorbed through your skin. A study shows that applying 20 percent arnica ointment on skin helps speed healing time compared to using a placebo.
When using oral arnica, it’s best to allow the pill to dissolve under the tongue. Arnica mouth spray is most effective when used as a coating on the underside of your tongue. However, you should stop using an arnica product in case of irritation or a rash.
Quercetin is a flavonoid that’s derived from specific fruits and vegetables and contains natural anti-inflammatory properties that help in healing bruises. Some skin gels and creams on the market have quantities of quercetin in them in combination with ingredients like bromelain and vitamin K. The gels and creams with quercetin ought to be used as directed on the packaging, usually twice a day.
Orally taking quercetin is generally considered as unsafe. In addition, the substance is likely to interact with various medications. Furthermore, you should avoid oral quercetin supplements unless your healthcare professional directs you.
Bromelain is a group of enzymes found in the pineapple plant that contain anti-inflammatory properties, helping in the reduction of bruising and swelling once applied to the skin. Studies have shown that bromelain is effective in reducing pain and swelling after tooth extraction. You should apply a bromelain gel or cream two to three times a day.
Oral bromelain supplements are likely to cause certain side effects like increased heart rate and digestive problems. Plus, people allergic to pineapple should avoid using bromelain. Sometimes, bromelain supplements are recommended after surgery to help reduce bruising, but they should be taken only if directed by a physician.
Frankincense essential oil can help with pain relief as well as relaxation. The oil works well when you add a few drops to an arnica product. You can create a calming cold compress for your injuries using a cool washcloth and a couple of rosemary and lavender essential oil drops on the cloth.
Always use a carrier oil or lotion to dilute these oils before applying them directly on the skin. Using the essential oils without diluting can easily cause skin irritation.
You don’t have to learn a magic trick to prevent and erase bruises. Fortunately, most bruises are usually harmless, and the home remedies above can help reduce their appearance and make them heal even faster. Most of the tropical products are safe but don’t take oral supplements until you’ve had a talk with a healthcare professional.