Dandruff is a dangerous enemy of hair. It forms on a scalp and blocks the access of air to the skin. Thus, hair roots become weaker and it leads to hair fall. As a result of this disease, hair becomes thin, weak, and brittle. No matter what type of hair a person has – normal, oily or dry, he or she can face with this problem, hairstylists at Natural Hair Salon in New York say. Let’s learn the types of dandruff and its causes in order to treat or prevent it.
Depending on the scalp sebaceous excretions, there are 2 types of dandruff: dry and oily dandruff. Usually, the type of dandruff is determined by hair type, such as it is done by the specialists at Natural Hair Salon in New York.
Dry dandruff occurs because of low sebaceous secretion, in other words, when the scalp is dry. Dandruff flakes are small and easy to fade; they create the effect of powder on hair. They can be seen on the whole scalp or primarily on the forehead and the top of head areas, rarely – in the form of separate focuses.
Oily dandruff occurs as a result of overactive sebaceous glands when the scalp is oily. Dandruff flakes are big and soaked with sebum. They are glued to hair, and it is difficult to get rid of them. Strands look greasy and dull; scalp becomes itchy. It is because sebum clogs the ducts of the sebaceous and sweat glands. Thus, nerve endings become inflamed. It is also promoted by fatty acids, which are formed as a result of the decomposition and oxidation of fat.
Dead cells become noticeable in the form of dandruff when they are glued together. One tiny dandruff flake consists of 500 – 1000 dead cells. It happens when there is the excessive scalp keratinization. Dandruff occurs when the scalp is irritated because of usage of low-quality shampoos, chemical treatments, or wrong hair care. This problem usually runs its course as soon as scalp irritation is treated.
The causes of dandruff
Stress, metabolic disease, dietary restriction (weight loss), lack of A and B group vitamins, dry scalp, and wrong hair care are the main reasons for dandruff. Unfortunately, the applying of improper hair care products may cause dandruff. The over-usage of hair styling products, frequent blow-drying and even the cold winter weatherize also in this group.
In any case, dandruff is not a separate disease, but an evidence of the irregularities in a body.
The main cause of dandruff is a pathogenic fungus, which can be found on the skin. It is a part of the skin microflora of every healthy person and does not have a negative effect in normal conditions. However, above-listed factors lead to fungus activation and, as a consequence, to dandruff.
As soon as there are good conditions for rapid reproduction of the fungus on the scalp, skin cells cycle changes. Instead of a month for cells development, the term is reduced to a week. Moreover, there is no time for the cell to go through a complete dehydration by the end of this week. As a result, there are many sticky, oily white or yellow flakes, which number is much higher than in normal conditions, and, therefore, they are visible to the naked eye.
Often white flakes on the scalp are a symptom of other skin diseases: seborrheic dermatitis (seborrhea), tinea versicolor or psoriasis. Anyway, a diagnosis can be confirmed only by a trichologist (or dermatologist) after examination and diagnostic studies.
How to get rid of dandruff
Quite often, the reasons of unsuccessful attempts to get rid of dandruff are rooted in the absence of a system approach to the problem solution. Many believe that an anti-dandruff shampoo is a panacea for the scalp. In fact, this hair product allows to solve the problem from the outside and saves from dandruff only for a while. If you want to get rid of it completely, it is necessary to remove the main cause, which leads to dysfunction of the body.
An appropriate hair care products, good rest, and well-balanced diet will help you to fight dandruff.
Hair care products
It is necessary to apply anti-dandruff hair care products, which include antifungal agents, antibacterial agents, exfoliating ingredients and substances, which sooth and remove irritation. The choosing of anti-dandruff shampoo should be done individually by a trial method. It would be better if the selection of a particular hair product will be done on the prescription of trichologist. On the basis of the results of diagnostic studies, the specialist will prescribe the most appropriate treatment in each case. One more simple method of dandruff treating is to use a mild shampoo for regular washing instead of a special one. To remove the flakes from the scalp, use a small amount of shampoo and massage it with fingertips gently not to damage sensitive skin.
Good rest and diet
The initial step in fighting dandruff can be a good rest, well-balanced diet, and improving the overall condition of the body. It is better to exclude alcohol, spicy, salty, fried and fatty foods from the daily diet. It is also recommended to reduce the intake of carbohydrates, such as sweets and starchy foods. Furthermore, it is necessary to increase the intake of vegetables, not too sweet fruits, milk and other dairy products. Do not forget about vitamins (A, E, B, C) and micronutrients (calcium, copper, zinc).
Personal care habits
Remember, there is a contagious type of dandruff, so you should follow personal hygiene rules. There is a possibility to catch dandruff through the usage of hair brushes, combs, and other personal hair care tools.
Well, dandruff fighting is not only an aesthetic necessity. It may cause some other hair problems such as hair loss; therefore, dandruff should be treated as a serious disease. So, use these tips to treat or prevent it. Keep your hair healthy, strong, and beautiful!