The menstrual cycle occurs to protect parts of the body every 28 days. Generally, it lasts for little more than 5 days and women who have a regular cycle go about their day easily. But that’s not the case for everybody and for other women, it might involve a range of issues like:
- Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB): Included heavy bleeding or no bleeding, bleeding in-between periods.
- Dysmenorrhea (these are painful menstrual periods)
- Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
- Using more than one tampon or sanitary pad per hour.
- The period lasts even more than 10 days
- The days between periods have been less than 20 days.
- If the period stopping exceeds 3 months.
- Pain in lower abdomen, hips, thighs, lower back.
- Vomiting, nausea, light-headedness, fatigue, headache, diarrhea.
- The pain could be spasmodic or congestive.
- Pain in the joints, muscles, abdomen, back, and breasts.
- Diarrhea, constipation, passing gas, water retention, nausea.
- Excessive hunger, loss of appetite, fatigue
- Feeling general discontent, anxiety, headache, insomnia, irritability, moodiness, weight gain, depression, acne.
- Severe fatigue, emotional sensitivity, heart palpitations, coordination issues, nervousness, anxiety, depression, abdominal bloating, dizziness, muscle spasms, sleeplessness, eye complaints, respiratory issues, heightened sensitivity, decreased libido, acne.
- There can also be less urine production, breast tenderness, swelling of ankles and feet.
- Due to an-ovulation
- Due to excess of prostaglandins.
- fibroids, adenomyosis, sexually transmitted diseases, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), an ovarian tumor or cyst, use of an intrauterine device (IUD)
The causes aren’t clear but:
- Anemia, thyroid disease, endometriosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), rheumatoid diseases or connective tissue diseases.
- If there has been a history of depression.
- The causes aren’t clear here as well but it could stem from the brain’s abnormal response to the fluctuating hormones during menses. This leads to a deficiency in serotonin.
- Women with a history of mood disorders, depression.
High in bioflavonoid, it can reduce heavy periods when consumed with vitamin C.
It allows for better iron absorption into the body since iron gets deleted during periods.
Dried apricots, legumes, liver, shellfish, fortified cereals, and bread
Rich in iron.
Red meat, green leafy veggies, fish
High in zinc and iron. Zinc helps keep bones healthy and a deficiency can lead to amenorrhea.
Use a hot water bottle on the abdomen to reduce cramps. You could also soak a towel in hot water, wring it out and then heat in a microwave for a minute before putting on your abdomen.
Drinks lots of water as dehydration can result in the production of a hormone named vasopressin which can cause cramps.
Mint, Thyme, Basil
Contains caffeic acid, which can reduce pain. Take two tablespoons of the leaves and then steep in just 1 pint of hot water. Let it cool at room temperature and then drink half a cup per hour.
Fennel, Ginger, Cinnamon
Has antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties which can relieve cramps.
These are few natural remedies suggested by the best gynecologist in Gurgaon. Apart from these, lie on your back. If possible best able to exercise regularly if you have menstrual problems as it can help in regulating it. But before doing anything consult with a gynecologist near you regarding the remedies and whether it will have a positive effect for you.