Serums for the face have been around for a long time, but still, they often ask me why they are needed if there is a cream? And are they needed at all?” The answer is unequivocal – yes, we need it! The cream is the basic daily skincare, and serums are designed to solve specific problems.
Hydrating serums have a great range of functions – they can nourish, moisturize, remove pigmentation, fight acne, treat age-related issues with the skin and even help you exfoliate. But then questions arise: “How to find your only one in such a variety and how often can you use it so as not to harm your skin?! Does everyone need serums?! Spoiler: no, not everyone!
What is serum
Serums are a concentrated composition of active ingredients to solve a specific skin problem, the main purpose of which is to deliver them directly to skin cells. The penetration depth of the serum is greater than that of the cream. However, this does not mean that one replaces the other. After using the serum, you need to apply a cream to fix and seal the active ingredients in the skin.
They instantly soothe irritated skin. First of all, they are necessary for dehydrated or sensitive skin. Plus, they can be used in the summer if you feel that the skin dries quickly and does not have enough moisture. The main ingredients of such serums are hyaluronic acid, glycerin, butylene glycol. You can apply them in the morning and evening.
They are suitable for owners of sensitive skin. Look for the following ingredients in the composition: allantoin, niacinamide, and herbal extracts.
Removes dead skin
Serums are designed to remove dead skin particles. The main ingredients are acids: lactic, salicylic and glycolic. Such funds should be used in the evening.
I want to tell you that a number of components are unstable to environmental influences. Therefore, serum containing vitamin C or retinoids must be in an opaque package with minimal contact with air. Keep such jars in the dark place (cosmetic bag, drawer, nightstand or dresser) so that they are not exposed to sunlight.
Pigmentation serums contain vitamin C, arbutin, azelaic acid, retinoids. They are used strictly in the evening, and during the day, it is necessary to protect the skin from ultraviolet radiation with sunscreen.
Anti-aging serums are designed to tighten wrinkles, remove lethargy of the skin, increase its tone. They are most often added retinol in high concentrations, antioxidants, vitamin C, ceramides and peptides. Retinol serums are used only in the evening.
Serums for problem skin prone to acne contain substances that regulate the sebaceous glands and antiseptic ingredients: ANA and BHA acids, retinoids, zinc, propolis, and herbal extracts.
Please note that some ingredients may have several effects. For example, retinol fights wrinkles, acne and reduces pigmentation. Therefore, if there are several problems at the same time, then you can choose a serum with a “universal” ingredient that will help solve several problems at once.
How to apply serum
Cleanse your skin well, wipe your face with a tonic to restore water balance, and then move on to serum. Since it is a concentrated product, for the application, it is necessary to use a small amount – from one to five drops. Be sure to read the instructions before use!
By the way, you can use several serums at a time, but you need to consider a number of factors:
- The one that is applied first is most active
- Serum should be combined with other serum
- Do not use the serum with components that may cause irritation (retinoids, vitamin C, acids).
Apply the serum to your fingertips and quickly spread the product over the face with light patting movements along the massage lines, as if driving it into the skin. If the serum is thick and oily, then first rub it with your fingertips to warm it, and then apply it evenly on your face.
Wait 5-10 minutes for the serum to be completely absorbed before applying the cream (it will supplement the serum and strengthen the protective barrier). It’s best to combine serum and cream from one line, so the effect will appear faster and last longer – and this is not a marketing move.
Hydrating Serums: Find Your Own
The history of serum began on the day when scientists decided to come up with a miraculous product that would relieve skin from burns and increase cell regeneration. Of course, burnt skin needed a remedy that, possessing a weightless texture, would have a serious therapeutic effect. After years of research, an elixir was born, which became almost a panacea for skin with burns.
During laboratory tests, it turned out that, depending on the composition of the serum and the presence of certain components, the product copes well with other dermatological and cosmetic problems. For example, it smoothens wrinkles, reduces acne and perfectly moisturizes the skin. For such properties, cosmetologists equated serum with medicinal ointments.
At one time, serum was undeservedly bypassed. Like, why are they needed if they are used only with cream? The whole point is that the serum works in the deep layers of the skin, where it is almost impossible to penetrate the cream molecules. It is all about the special composition of the serum and its ability to penetrate quickly and deeply, bringing beneficial substances to the lower layers of the dermis.
In the warm season, using the cream is not always pleasant: in the heat, I want to go with “clean skin”, not burdened with a thick layer of cream. Of course, there are lighter versions of creams, as well as cream gels, but that’s not all.
The serum has much more serious potential. For example, the super-moisturizer hyaluronic acid in serums is in a much higher concentration than in a cream. Penetrating deep into the skin, it replenishes the lack of moisture at the cellular level, reduces transdermal moisture loss and prevents the onset of dryness.
Previously, it was not advisable to use without cream. Now manufacturers produce whey as a standalone product that can be used with or without cream. In tandem with cream, the serum works somewhat more efficiently – this is a fact.
In the summer, especially for owners of oily and combination skin, serum and a sunscreen with a high UV protection factor will be quite enough. Thermal spray or flower water will help you quickly refresh yourself during the day.
Until the scorching heat has come, there is time to choose a suitable hydrating serum. The range is impressive. Use this guide and choose yours today. You will not be disappointed with the results.
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