Influenza (flu) is a highly contagious viral respiratory tract infection that can cause a severe illness or life-threatening complications like pneumonia, and it can affect people of all ages. It’s spread by contact with fluids from coughs and sneezes containing the flu virus. Those who are most vulnerable to flu are pregnant women, the elderly, and young children. Additionally, people with weak immune systems or chronic health conditions can have serious and devastating outcomes from the flu.
The most common signs to look out for are a dry cough, sudden high fever, body aches, tiredness, and body weakness. Here are tips for a flu-free winter season.
Eat fruits and vegetables
A strong immune system defends you against diseases and stops threats like bacteria and viruses from getting into your body. Your body produces antibodies that destroy abnormal cells and common ailments like flu. Bad health habits can affect your immune system.
Consider investing in a healthy diet full of green, leafy vegetables and fruits to boost your immunity. Since diet alone may not always give you all the nutrients your body needs, complement with dietary supplements from trusted online stores such as Steel Supplements or a local store near you.
Sticking to a regular workout routine or walking about three times a week not only keeps you fit but also helps prevent inflammation and chronic illnesses. It also lowers stress and the release of stress hormones. Staying active also accelerates white blood cells circulation, helping the body fight common colds.
Get a flu vaccine
Recovery from the flu is common, but it can make some people very sick. This is why it’s necessary to get a flu vaccine if you’re advised to. The vaccine is safe and effective. It’s given every year to protect people at a higher risk of contracting flu and its complications. It’s best to have the vaccine in autumn before the flu begins spreading. You may also get the vaccine later. If you are over 65 years, you’re eligible for the pneumococcal vaccine to protect you against pneumonia.
Get vitamin D
Vitamin D deficiencies can cause cardiovascular issues, poor bone growth, and a poor immune system. Focus on foods rich in vitamin D like mushrooms, egg yolks, salmon, beef, canned tuna, and liver. You may also get vitamin D supplements that contain D3 (cholecalciferol) to raise your vitamin D levels. Consider having a dose of sunlight every single day or whenever you can to boost vitamin D.
Practice good hygiene
Limiting exposure to germs helps you keep diseases away. Best hygiene practices you may consider include washing your hands before preparing and eating food and washing your hands before doing anything that brings you in contact with your eyes and mouth. You may also carry a hand-based hand cleaner for use on the go. Disinfect shared surfaces such as telephones, keyboards, remote controls, and doorknobs. Cover your nose and mouth whenever you cough or sneeze.
Although you may not feel thirsty or sweaty in winter, it’s essential to stay hydrated. This will help you remove waste and strengthen your body against infections from pathogens.